Frequently asked questions
What does babaylan mean?
— Carlos Villa.
How and who identifies a Babaylan*?
How is it bestowed to the person – is there a ritual or does a fellow Babaylan grant this title?
Sister Mary John Mananzan** says: “The Babaylan in me recognizes the Babaylan in you.” When culture-bearers like Sister Mary John says this, she is acknowledging the influence of the Babaylans in her life and her own integration of the Babaylan spirit in her own life and vocation to serve.
Is Babaylan a title? Do you refer to yourselves as Babaylan?
Babaylans are called by other names in the other languages of indigenous communities: Mombaki, Dawac, Balyan or Balian, Catalonan, Ma-Aram. However, modern Filipinos may remember the arbularyos, hilots who may also have the gift of traveling to the spirit world or non-ordinary states of reality in order to mediate with the spirits.
Those of us who are organizing the CFBS and the conference refer to ourselves as Babaylan-inspired out of respect for the primary Babaylans in the Philippines who are land-based in their indigenous communities.
What is/are the criteria/charateristics for determining a Babaylan?
If you read Katrin de Guia’s book on Kapwa: The Self in the Other, she refers to “tacit knowing” as a way to knowledge and wisdom. Babaylan practice/work is a life-long process and it cannot be acquired in a short cut “how-to-become a babaylan” manner. Our tendency to ask for a manual on “how –to” is also a cultural conditioning that we must recognize. Wisdom and the work of the spirit do not lend itself easily to such requirements. That is why we need a community in which to articulate our language and concepts and our practices related to the Babaylan tradition.
How can we further deepen our connection with our Filipino roots?
You can explore and discover traditions and beliefs that existed amongst our ancestors before western colonizers came and made us think that our native ways were inferior to theirs. We must discover the Beauty of our ancestral cultures and the Universal Wisdom within their native spiritual culture.
How can we empower our selves and our communities from the context of being Filipino? Filipino-American? What do we Filipino Americans do with the resources, opportunity and freedom that we have gotten by being in the U.S.? And how does Babaylan tradition come into significance within those actions?
We can learn as much as we can about where we come from so we can figure out where we are going. To learn more about Babaylan traditions can help us make choices that someday benefit ourselves and others in the community.
Who can we turn to in order to learn about traditions that we lost during colonial times?
We all carry fragments of these traditions in our cultural memory. So we need to first believe that those memories are important and must not be trivialized or dismissed. Then we can start doing research within our families and clans and begin to tell stories about what we remember. Even fragments of stories mean something. But we must also remember that the way these fragments have been interpreted within colonial frameworks need to be questioned and re-interpreted.
What happened to the native healers, priestesses, female leaders and Babaylans when the Spanish friars and Imperial colonizers came to conquer and colonize the Philippine Islands centuries ago?
Under Colonial rule and with Christianization, the Babaylan tradition was suppressed and silenced, derided and demonized. Babaylans were branded as “brujas” or witches by friars and the Spanish. What Babaylans taught were condemned as pagan and satanic.
What effect did ridding Filipino communities of Babaylans and tradition carriers have on Filipino people?
Filipino people began to believe what their colonizers taught them—that many elements of their culture and beliefs were inferior and “wrong” and Babaylans and their teachings became forgotten Filipino traditions — this is the beginning of the fragmentation of Filipino soul. Colonial mentality took its hold among the minds of Philippine people. Many educated Philippine people began to look down on their indigenous culture and strived to be less and less native and more and more western, like their colonizers.
Have any of our Babaylans survived colonization and modernization?
Babaylanes managed to survive those oppressive times by going underground or by working within the fringes of society, looked upon with measures of scorn, suspicion and fear.
I am deeply Catholic or Christian but also have a deep desire to connect with my ancestral Filipino roots and a longing to make my Filipino soul whole—I feel that somehow there is a contradiction somewhere in this—is there?
Questions for You
These are questions on how a modern Filipina/o can reflect on whether she/he is Babaylan-inspired or not.
Do you find that your awareness has changed or is changing?
Are you awakening? Awakened?
Do you see things differently than you used to and/or than how others see things?
Have you ever wondered what Filipino indigenous soul can be like?
Have you ever wondered how a Filipino can deepen his/her connection with Filipino ancestral traditions?
Have your ever felt different from most other people. When you were growing up did you not always fit in with your peers?
Have you realized sometime in your life, early on, later or recently, that you had capabilities such as pre-cognitiveness, intuition, inner-knowing, third sight?
Do you believe that all people have capabilities such as these but they just aren’t aware of it or might ignore/suppress it?
Have you begun your own inner healing process, in order to do clearer, stronger work to do good in this world?
Have you come to an awareness of a higher calling through dreams, continuous coincidences, visitations, mystical revelations?
Have you begun deepening your own spiritual practice and awareness of the highest Truths or have you embarked on an active journey of finding yourself and awakening to your highest Inner Self? This process for Filipinos is also called pagbabalikloob.
Do you believe you are called to aid others in their own pagbabalikloob process?
Do your personal interests or any aspects of your work include a return, rediscovery, renewal of indigenous roots?
Do you help Filipinos and non-Filipinos alike on a path of spiritual wholeness, society on spiritual wholeness or personal fulfillment—in modern terms—empowerment?
Are you beginning to become aware of your ego and how it gets in the way of good sincere work. For example, are you beginning to become aware if you overly concerned with who gets the credit… and how that slows your down?
Are you aware that if you can step out of a power struggle situation that you can better dedicate your energies to the work at hand?
Do you find yourself leading “double lives” at times? For example you find yourself living one life where you are a healer or an intuitive, and the other life where you conform to the mainstream and live an ordinary, accepted, every day life?
Do your actions and beliefs sometimes solicit skepticism and/or ridicule from your family, colleagues, and the status quo?
Do you believe in human’s having a spiritual path? Do you belive in the soul’s karmic process?
Do you feel special from the inside out because you been given gifts of leadership, intuition, inner knowing, healing, vision, teaching, spirituality and mysticism, and/or a warrior’s courage?
Have you ever wondered what you should be doing with such gifts?
Have you ever felt that you had to do something good with your life and that there was a higher calling for you?
“It is said that to awaken to critical consciousness, it is not enough to see and grieve what is wrong in the world-one needs also to fall in love.”
Lily Mendoza | CfBS Executive Director | Back from the Crocodile’s Belly